Erin, a former staff for ACF who now lives up North as a nurse.

Clothing:                                                                                                                              Information comes from A.C.F. Manual 1999
Freezing cold and high winds can freeze unprotected flesh/skin in minutes. You need to protect the whole body, hands, head and feet. Heat escapes from the body the quickest through the top of the head. Keep our head covered. A hood with a drawstring is good so that you can cover part of your face too (ears & mouth). A ski mask is a good item also.

Loss of body heat can lead to hypothermia (when the body can not generate enough heat as fast as it looses it and the bodies temp. falls below normal)

Wear Layer-Clothing:
Layered clothes is articles of clothing you can take off when you are too hot but covered enough to remain warm. Your outer garments (clothes) should be windproof-not waterproof. You want the clothing to be able to allow water vapors to pass through. If it is waterproof, condensation (water vapors) could build up. So, donít wear waterproof clothing (shirts & pants).

Your undergarments (underwear) should be made of wool-it doesnít absorb water and stays warm even when damp. Cotton, on the other hand absorbs moisture and when wet can lose heat 240 times faster than when dry.

Openings in your clothing allow heat to escape. Tuck your pants into your socks or boots. If you donít have buttons or drawstrings around your ankles and wrist (cuffs) use some tape or string. Wear insulated gloves. If you donít have insulated gloves at least have gloves made of wool.

Your feet are another area your body can lose heat quickly. Wear 3 pairs of socks, making sure the outer pair are larger to fit correctly over the other two pairs of socks. Insulated boots with a drawstring are ideal for cold weather/snow traveling. Wet feet are a danger. Also, have an extra pair of boots and socks in case the ones you are wearing get wet in the inside. Also, itís good to carry at least 2 plastic bead bags or grocery bags. These would be used in an emergency situation if you were to get the insides of your boots wet causing your feet to get wet. If your feet are not kept in good condition it will ruin any vacation youíll on.

To help you remember how to stay safe, warm and healthy during snow or cold weather just remember the letters:
C. O. L. D..

Keep it
Clean - dirt and grease blocks air space
Overheating - ventilate
Wear it
Lose - allow air to circulate
Keep it
Dry - outside and inside.

Rules for heat loss:
If heat is lost quickly -- re-warm quickly
If heat is lost slowly -- re-warm slowly

Go over your gear list but make sure to include these additional items when dealing with snow and/or cold weather:
Insulated gloves, waterproof & insulated boots, long johns (fleece/wool/thermal) underwear, wool hood/camp that wraps to your head.
Rip-stop wind/snow pants (perfect for the snow weather) to wear over your long pants which cover your thermal underwear. Wool/thermal socks. Winter Jacket, sun block, shades (tinted glasses).

Snake Education With A Twist, Inc. 2004                                                                                                                                                                             

Cold Weather Gear Packing























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